How do British films made during the Second World War reflect contemporary attitudes to gender?

Introduction The term ‘gender’ is a social, cultural, and psychological construct which attributes specific traits and behaviours as being either male or female.[1] The films produced during the Second World War (1939-1945), in what Aldgate and Richards label the ‘Golden Age’ of film tend to focus on the home front, as opposed to the frontline,Continue reading “How do British films made during the Second World War reflect contemporary attitudes to gender?”

To what extent did the use of contraception increase as a result of feminist efforts during the first half of the twentieth century?

Introduction The twentieth century saw a revolutionary decline in fertility with an increased number of married couples utilising available methods of birth control.[1] Since the voluntary motherhood movement of the 1870s, women have been collectively striving to achieve control over their bodies, including their reproductive systems. This was followed by the birth control movement betweenContinue reading “To what extent did the use of contraception increase as a result of feminist efforts during the first half of the twentieth century?”

To what extent do you find the statement convincing that Victorian sexuality was shaped by a “contest between expression and repression”?

Introduction The Victorians are renowned for their prudery and hypocrisy surrounding the topic of sexual relations.[1]During the 19th Century Western countries viewed sex as a controllable force to be contained within the boundary of marriage.[2] Sexual activities conducted outside of this window (that were drawn to public attention) were therefore under the scrutiny of theContinue reading “To what extent do you find the statement convincing that Victorian sexuality was shaped by a “contest between expression and repression”?”

How did the visual arts of the Renaissance represent love & erotic desire?

Introduction Leonardo believed that creation through paint was superior to that created bywords; arguing that the purpose of artists and their art is to arouse love.[1] Love and erotic desire during the Renaissance period is represented through the revival of paintings and sculptures which are reminiscent of the Roman Gods and Goddesses; these highlight theContinue reading “How did the visual arts of the Renaissance represent love & erotic desire?”