How important was the fear of Communism in explaining the rise of power of Hitler and the Nazi’s?

During the 1920’s & 30’s, support for Hitler and the Nazi’s grew. Communism was seen as a threat as it was very left wing and would result in everything being State provided, total equality, and therefore the loss of profit.

The fear of Communism was important in explaining the rise of power of Hitler and the Nazis. Germany at risk of falling to Communism at this time as the effects of WWI had left many soldiers homeless and unemployed – much like Russia at during the Communist revolution. Communism was seen as a threat to Germany because it would result in the State having complete control of the economy, making everyone equal. Therefore businessmen and financial workers were most at risk, and favoured Hitler, believing that he would be able to project Germany from falling to Communism. Economically, Hitler was seen as the lesser of two evils next to Communism, therefore support for Hitler and the Nazis increased, allowing them to rise to power.

On the other hand, the Weimar republic was also important in the rise of power of Hitler and the Nazis. The current government was failing to solve Germany’s problems. After WWI and the agreement to pay France reparations, Germany was suffering from hyperinflation and high unemployment, in addition to the Wall Street Crash as Germany was dependent on America for trade. Within these conditions, support grew for extremist parties, one of which being Hitler and the Nazi’s, as they were believed to be capable of fixing these problems.  Therefore, business workers, and the unemployed, pledged their support to Hitler and the Nazis allowing them to rise to power.

In addition, the Weimar government was also important in the rise of power of Hitler and the Nazis as they also ignored the interests of farmers. Farmers were suffering from grain prices collapsing and poor harvests. In addition, no state benefits were provided for those suffering economically, as not enough people we employed and eligible to pay state benefits due to mass unemployment, hyperinflation and the Wall Street crash. As a result, suicide rates increased, along with the potential for a Communist revolution – of which the German’s were afraid of. The Nazis decided to set up soup kitchens to help those suffering economically find food. This lead to increased support for Hitler and the Nazis from farmers – there was a correlation between ruralness and support. This allowed Hitler and the Nazis to rise to power.

The use of media was also important to the rise in power of Hitler and the Nazis. The chairman of the DNVP turned to Hitler, along with giving him the media at his disposal, ensuring Nazi exposure. Because of this, support grew for Hitler and the Nazi’s as they promoted themselves through propaganda and made their ideas known – mostly giving everyone bread and fixing the economic problems Germany was currently facing. The increase in support allowed Hitler to pressure the current president into making himself president. Through doing this, Hitler and the Nazis were able to rise to power.

In conclusion, whilst the fear of Communism did help Hitler and the Nazis rise to power as they were the lesser of two evils, ultimately, it was Germany’s economic problems and the Weimar government’s inability to solve them and Hitler’s media exposure, which allowed the Nazi’s to rise to power through promising to fix what the current government couldn’t.

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